They are not your normal tunnels, however a very complex network of tunnels which served as hospitals, living quarters, communication and still provide routes, as well as storage areas to the weapons and food of the Viet Cong guerrillas. These were constructed without using any sophisticated machines or tools however only crude tools and human resilience. The Viet Cong guerrillas began building them during their resistant against france within the late 1940s. Its original purpose was for communication between villages without getting detected from the French army. In 1960, however, Vietnam’s National Liberation Front began excavating and increasing the tunnels. The tunnel system was very strategic adding to the victory with the North Vietnamese Army from the Americans.
These types of secret tunnels were built underneath American bases. Its importance had not been only limited to military purposes and also had become the hub in the Vietnamese community life as the Americans burned and destroyed villages. Everything proceeded as normal for the Vietnamese over these tunnels where lovers met, couples get married to, children went to school, and performances were held.
All was not normal, obviously. The Vietnamese had to face the contests of life in cramped quarters where ants, scorpions, vermin, and poisonous centipedes thrive. Aside from that, they must ration everything because food, water, and even air were scarce. Quite often, they only got out of the tunnels in the evening to scavenge any situation that will be useful for the community whether they were supplies or food. At times when the Americans bombed and infiltrate villages, they had to keep of these claustrophobic quarters for which appeared like endless days. Those living conditions made sickness, especially malaria, rampant. In fact, it is now the other major source of death on the list of Vietnamese in that time. Aside from that, the majority of the tunnel inhabitants had serious instances of intestinal parasites.
While the Cu Chi tunnels was really a haven for your Vietnamese, it was a method to obtain frustration to the Americans. That they tried various methods of detection and infiltration which are all failing. The American troops conducted major operations burning villages, bulldozing jungles, and destroying rice paddies. They deployed planes which sprayed chemicals to defoliate other locations burning it afterwards. Through each one of these offensive attacks, the Vietnamese guerrillas, with the other villages, remained safe and secured within their tunnels. Despite this, only 6,000 Vietnamese from your original 16,000 tunnel inhabitants had the ability to survive following the war.
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